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About Kerala


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About Gods Own Country

The history of Kerala goes back more than several millennia. Stone age carving in Edakkal Caves had pictorial writings believed to be dating to at least 5000 BC, from the Neolithic man, indicating the presence of a prehistoric civilization or settlement in this region. From as early as 3000 BC, Kerala had established itself as a major spice trade center. Kerala had direct contact across the Arabian Sea with all the major Red Sea ports and the Mediterranean ports as well as extending to ports in the Far East. The spice trade between Kerala and much of the world was one of the main drivers of the world economy. For much of history, ports in Kerala were the busiest (Muziris) among all trade and travel routes in the history of the world.

        A 3rd-century-BC rock inscription by emperor Asoka the Great attests to a Keralaputra. Around 1 BC the region was ruled by the Chera Dynasty, which traded with the Greeks, Romans and Arabs. The Tamil Chera dynasty, Ays and the Pandyan Empire were the traditional rulers of Kerala whose patriarchal dynasties ruled until the 14th century. The Cheras collapsed after repeated attacks from the neighboring Chola Empire and Rashtrakuta Empire. In the 8th century Adi Shankara was born in central Kerala, who travelled extensively across the Indian subcontinent, establishing institutions of Advaita Vedanta philosophy. Feudal Namboothiri Brahmin and Nair city-states subsequently gained control of the region. Contact with Europeans after the arrival of Vasco Da Gama in 1498 gave way to struggles between colonial and native interests. In 1795, the area was under British dominion. After independence, the state of Kerala was created in 1956 from the former state of Travancore-Cochin, the Malabar district of Madras State, and the Kasaragod taluk of Dakshina Kannada.

Fact File

Location Southwestern part of India (Flanked between the Western Ghats on the East and the Arabian Sea on the West).
Total Area 38,863 sq kms
Neighbouring States Karnataka to the North, Tamil Nadu to the South and East.
Capital Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum)
Number of Districts 14
Largest District Idukki
Largest City Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum)
Major Cities Thiruvananthapuram(Trivandrum), Kochi(Cochin), Kozhikode(Calicut)
Population 31.8 Million
Population Density 819 people per sq km
Languages Spoken Malayalam, English
Literacy Rate 90.92%
Per Capita Income
Rs 31,642
Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Islam
Time Zone IST (UTC + 5:30)
Climate Tropical
Currency Indian Rupee
Annual Rainfall 3,107 mm
Temperature 22 Degree Celsius 34 Degree Celsius